Option 5: Munich
(2 days + 1 day travel via train from Normandy or other optional city)
Day 1: Munich
Munich, Bavaria’s capital city is world-famous for Oktoberfest, world class art galleries, and storybook castles including Mad King Ludwig’s Newschwannstein. It also holds the dubious distinction of being the capital of the Nazi movement in the 1930s. Allied Supreme Commander General Eisenhower called Munich “the cradle of the Nazi beast”. It was there that Kristallnacht occurred, the heinous anti-Semitic pogrom that set the stage for the Holocaust. While much of central Munich was ultimately bombed during WW2, ironically many of the Nazi era buildings survived and still stand today. On a walking tour of the city’s principal sites, the guide will carefully point out the buildings with a more ominous history and the memorials to the many victims of Nazisim. On a lighter note, see the 43-bell glockenspiel in historic Marienplatz Square and visit the Deutsches Museum, the world’s largest museum of science and technology. Natural sciences, energy, transport, communication, and musical instruments are just some of the exhibits that draw millions of visitors to the museum every year. Like every visitor to Munich, enjoy a typical meal at a Munich Beer Garden (minus the beer!) and enjoy typical Bavarian music and an Oom Pah Pah band!
Sites visited: Walking tour of Munich with WW2 highlights, Deutsches Museum
Day 2: Munich and Dachau
Experience two extremes in Munich’s history. This morning, visit Nymphenburg Palace, an Italian inspired summer home for the Bavarian Monarch. The lavish park and baroque “schloss" bear a passing resemblance to Versailles; the interiors, however, retain many of the priceless works of art, porcelain and furniture because unlike Versailles, Nymphenburg is still the home to the Prince of Wittelsbach, the Duke of Bavaria. Less than 15 km away from the ornate palace is Dachau Concentration Camp and Memorial Site. Established in 1933 just weeks after Hitler was appointed Chancellor, Dachau served as a model for all later concentration camps and served as a “school of violence” for the SS. The permanent exhibition focuses of the fate of the prisoners and chronicles their path to the camp and then either death or liberation.
Sites visited: Nymphenburg Palace, Dachau Concentration Camp
Day 3: Depart Munich
Depart Munich for the return flight to Canada.